Advice on processors
1. Which socket do you need?
You place a processor in the dedicated socket on the motherboard. Since technology behind processors is ever-changing, a lot of processors have different measurements. It's important to check what type of socket your motherboard has, so you can purchase the right processor that fits your motherboard. You can create a layout based on the brand of the processor and the type of socket on the motherboard.
Recent AMD processor use the following sockets: M1, FM1, FM2, FM2+, AM3, AM3+ , and AM4. Intel has chosen names based on the number of pins on the processor: 1155, 2011, 2066, and for current processors 1151.
2. What determines the speed of a processor?
The speed of you PC is mainly determined by the processor. The clock speed of a processor is measured in Gigahertz (GHz). Other than that, the number of processor cores and the temporary memory (cache) determine how fast tasks are being processed by your PC. Processors have multiple cores. Each core functions as an individual processor. The more cores, the better. The temporary memory, also called cache, is the buffer memory of the processor. The higher the cache, the better. If you want to perform heavier tasks on you PC, you'll need a bigger number of GHz, cache and cores.
3. Do you need a separate video card?
Current AMD and Intel processors often have a graphic chip. A graphic chip takes care of the processing of all video processes. A graphic chip on a processor is sufficient if you don't play high-end games, or edit videos. Do you want more power and speed for gaming or video editing? Then a separate video card is a better solution.
4. What else do you need?
A processor alone is no PC yet. Place the processor on a motherboard, the cooler will ensure enough airflow, and the power source (PSU) is necessary to power all parts. Place the components in a casing.
Choose the right socket for your processor, so it fits on the motherboard. You can choose from different dimensions, such as ATX, micro-ATX, and Mini-ITX. The dimension determines how many and what type of components you can use on the motherboard, think about RAM memory, video cards, and hard drives. The dimension also determines the type of casing and the amount of connectors, such as USB, DVI, HDMI and SATA.
Components can't work without a power source. The wattage determines the amount of components that can be powered at the same time. Components don't have a constant energy consumption, that's why you should keep the maximum usage of all components in mind. Do you have a basic lineup? Then 400 watts is sufficient. With a heavier lineup (a heavy video card and processor) you'll need a minimum of 650 watt.
Processors usually come with standard coolers. Those are sufficient for standard setups that don't comprise overclocking the processor. Is this something you do want to do, or do you want to be sure you have a cooled processor? In those cases a cooler is recommended. Mind you select the right socket, since is has to match the socket of your processor.
Did you pick out all components? Use the casing to collect them. Casing ensures a good airflow, so enough heat flows out. Keep the size of the motherboard in mind when choosing the casing, so it all fits together. The casing is determinant for the room you have left to use for other components such as videocards.
The previously mentioned parts aren't the only you can fit on a motherboard. You can also think about a hard drive or SSD, a sound card for better audio, RAM, PCI-express cards for WiFi, or more connectors, DVD/Bluray burners, and the required cables for all peripherals, and the intern connector to a motherboard.
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